What is a Newspaper? – History, Digital, Features, Parts, and More
What is a Newspaper?
A newspaper is a mass media circulates in cities or towns in print on one or more pages, combining text and images. And also, its function is to inform, transmit opinions and entertain. It is delivered periodically or regularly, usually daily or also weekly, fortnightly or once a month.
Newspapers exist in practically every country globally, especially those that have laws protecting freedom of expression and the right to information. And also known as records, they have a long history that saw. The most extraordinary splendour at the end of the 19th century and through the 20th century.
History of the Newspaper
Since man lives in civilization and forms a public scope, info has a central value and importance. For this reason, there are publications written from the beginning of the Roman Empire that distributes among the main rulers.
With the invention of the production press in the 15th century and the massification of urban areas, proclamations, manifestos and announcements arose that were read and distributed to the population under newsletters.
With the advent of the Industrial Rebellion, companies appeared dedicated to continuously or daily producing several printed pages in black and white on cheap paper with each city’s political, economic, sports, and police events. And also, these founded the first modern newspapers of which there is a record.
Characteristics of Newspapers
- Periodicity: They publish daily, weekly, fortnightly, or monthly (according to each case). They can pre-lunch when they go on sale in the morning, or evening, when they go on sale in the afternoon.
- Structure: They differ from each other according to their form and size. They can be shocking (280 x 430 mm), Berliner (315 x 470 mm) or large set-up, or broadsheet (600 x 750 mm).
- Team: They comprise a group of journalists who produce, write, and edit publish news and occasional collaborators (journalists or specialists in a subject). And also, the team works in a news studio where cables arrive with information from worldwide. The publishing supervisor and editors control and decide what is available and what is not.
- Theme: They can cover several topics simultaneously or deal with a specific thematic area. Some newspapers deal with a particular piece (sports, shows, or economy). And also, the limit to informing an audience absorbed in that topic.
- Format: They can publish, as all newspapers originally were, or digital.
- Scope: They spread among a large population due to their high information content and low cost; They can be local, national, or international in scope.
- Technique: They produce by large printers made up of rollers, presses, and rotary presses.
Features of Newspaper
Among the primary meanings of a newspaper are:
- The newspaper offers detailed info on the most representative events in the different areas of society.
- The newspaper offers general interest content, and the spectators come to them to entertain.
- If forms opinion by offering a point of view on the facts. And also, it channels and discloses sensitive social issues and plays a crucial role in social processes since. The contains or promotes collective demonstrations that strongly impact a country’s political future.
Parts of the Newspaper
Most newspapers, print, and digital, have specific parts and sections. Among the most common are:
Frontpage: The first page of the newspaper is the term of the newspaper, the date, and the main news of the day.
Sections: Internal separation of a newspaper that classifies the news according to themes.
Advertisements: Publications paid by an advertiser that seek to capture the reader’s attention and spread a good or service.
News: Written story informing a current event or set of circumstances and public interest.
Images: Visual representations that serve as a provision to exemplify the news or articles.
Editorial: Text that expresses the newspaper’s opinion before a fact of notoriety.
Column: And also, Article written by a reporter or expert who expresses his opinion on a current issue.
Sections of Newspaper
Each newspaper is divided into sections giving to themes that organize the content. Some newspapers have a general interest magazine on a specific day of the week. They can comprise within the main structure or be divided into independent physical parts and can vary according to each newspaper or the day of publication.
Among the most representative sections are:
- Sport: It includes current news and opinion pillars on different sports within the local, national and international scope. The topics covered in this section vary depending on the popularity of each sport in the place where the newspaper is broadcast.
- Shows: It includes current news in entertainment: theatre, cinema, television, music, and information on the local movie and theatre listings.
- Art and culture include news and opinion or research articles on art, literature, and dance, among other disciplines.
- Economic and politics include news, opinion columns, and research articles on the regional and international economic and sociopolitical context.
- Classified: Includes signs of purchase and sale of goods and services.
- Society: It comprises news, columns, and opinion articles on many topics inside. Is social sphere, such as police, community, and solidarity.
- Editorial and opinion: And also, it includes notes or articles that reflect journalists’ opinions or points of view, specialists in some matter of attention, or the newspaper’s directory.
With the rise of broadcastings, at the end of the 20th century, old-style paper newspapers were adapted to create their digital version. And also, at the start of the new century, completely online newspapers emerged.
Within the wide variety of digital newspapers worldwide, some offer their content for free to all readers. Others are paid since users subscribe and pay monthly to access articles and news.
In addition, digital newspapers use audiovisual resources (images, videos, audio) that accompany the text and social networks. If generate community and provide information to an increasingly large audience.
Examples of Newspapers
- The country: Daily publication newspaper created in 1976 in Madrid, Spain. You must pay a monthly subscription to access all the contents of its digital edition, one of the most widely read in the Spanish language in the world.
- Le Monde: Berlin-format newspaper created in Paris in 1944. It has a centre-left journalistic line, prints daily, and has sections on politics, economics, general information, culture, and a significant presence of articles and opinion columns.
- TheGuardian: Newspaper found in 1821 (under “Manchester Guardian”) in England with mark centre-left editorial line. It currently has a sensationalist format and includes, among its sections: general information, sports, culture, opinions, and lifestyle.
- The New York Times: Newspaper created in New York, the United States, in 1851. And also, it has won 127 Pulitzer Prizes throughout its history, making it one of the most prestigious newspapers in the world.
- The universal: It creates in 1916 in Mexico, it has a paper format, and its digital edition receives millions of daily visits.
- Corriere Della Sera: It found in 1876
- Milan, Italy, in a sheet format: It is one of the most influential newspapers in Italy and mark by a liberal ideology.
- Financial Times: It creates in London in 1888, published in a Berlin format, and focuses on international economic and financial news.
- Mark: It finds in San Sebastián, Spain, in 1938 as a sports newspaper, mainly soccer. It currently has a radio and particular sports magazines.
How are Newspapers Born?
The prominent newspapers were born in Europe and the United States. The press arose in many places. It is unbearable to speak of a single home. In addition, under the newspaper modality. If many formats appear. As single-page publications are written on both sides. And also its other illustrator is made entirely by hand. So there are many types of newspapers.
By the middle of the 19th century, newspapers made a great leap within society. If only in Colombia but also in the world. And also, the appearance of the telegraph, the literacy of specific sectors of society. And also the emergence of advertising helped to consolidate these media as an industry of great importance to our daily lives.
Origin of the Newspaper
The origin of the newspaper covers a period of evolution that goes back. At the time of the Roman Empire, around the year 60 BC, when Julius Caesar. And also, it was the highest authority and used to enunciate the diurnal act consisting of a forum periodically. There, citizens inform about recent facts and events. On those that would happen soon.
The newspaper format used today formally arose after the invention of the printing press in 1440. Which allows the mass production of print documents. And also, the print journalistic publication make in Vienna in 1529 consisted of a sheet including several news items. Starting in 1580, multi-page newspapers spread.
A newspaper is a regularly published print media that seeks to report on the most relevant events of today. And also the word, as such, originates from the Latin periodĭcus, and this, in turn, comes from the Greek (periodikós).
A newspaper is a print or digital publication that presents the news are opinions or announcements. And also, it is the most important. If events in a place during a particular time. In chronological or thematic order. In this sense, it can national, area, or local in scope.